The Renault FT 17 French Light Tank
The is perhaps the finest restored Renault FT17 in the world. No detail has been left out. It is fully operational and running and is occasionally brought out on special occasions by the Museum of the American GI located in Collage Station Texas. The master of tank restoration and nationally known Brent Mullens has meticulously restored this tank to its original specifications. Brent is the President of the Museum of the American GI restored this tank. http://americangimuseum.org
This is one of the only documented French Renault FT 17 that still exist that fought under Patton in the 1st Tank Brigade of 1918. This tank is fully operational and is most probably the finest restored example of a French Renault tank in the world. The author of this web page has watch its restoration from the time it arrived until it was fully restored.
When then Captain Patton made his 58 page double spaced type written report, “Light Tanks” and submitted it on December 12, 1917, no one is General Pershing’s headquarters had any direct knowledge of tanks, light or heavy. They were well aware of them, talked to both British and French commanders of tanks, knew they had a frightening effect on the enemy and knew they wanted them. After that, their slate was blank as to how to use them and exactly how to go about getting the information to do so.
Their solution was to assign Capt. George S. Patton Jr. to the A.E.F. tank Corps, a committee of one, and give him the authority to investigate the use of light tanks. He became the very first Soldier in the US Army to be so assigned to tanks.
The French Renault FT 17 light tank had seen combat and was being manufactured by the French so they had a production plant, soldiers to man them and a tank program to teach their soldiers. Their program was new and was still being revised as after action reports caused them to constantly rethink the use of the tanks in combat.
If you have read the previous web pages you are now well aware of their use in combat the First Tank Brigade commanded by Lt. Col. Patton. Combat service is complicated and the very first thing required of any combat arm is to understand the nature of the arms you are going to fight with. It was Patton’s 58 page light tank report that did just that.
The tanks that fought in the First Tank Brigade were recovered after the First World War and sent back to the states. They were crudely numbered on their side as to what battalion they had been assigned to when they were shipped home in late 1919. Many were used until used up and some immediately sold for scrap. Fortunately one that was sold for scape still exists. It is tank number 1456, and it was manned and fought in Captain Compton’s 345th Tank Battalion, 1st Tank Brigade, under Lt. Col. Patton’s command.
A construction company had purchased the tank when it was released for surplus, minus it’s turret and cannon, from the US Army. Sometime in 1920 they were using for construction purposes when it broke down. The Pfaff family bought it and used it on their family farm and even moved a school house with it. It remained in the family and stored away for many years. It was not unknown to collectors but not offered for sale.
In 2005 Brent Mullins, President of the Museum of the American GI, located in Collage station Texas, purchased it. This is a rare tank in that it provenance shows that the 345th Tank brigade fought in the battle of St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
I have known Brent Mullins for over 20 years and he is one of the world’s expert on the restorations of military vehicles and specifically tanks. I can think of no finer example to use to explain how the French Renault FT 17 Tank functions that to use the best restored example in the world.
Patton went into a rather technical description of the tank and the different functions of the suspension system. He explained how the how the tank transfer its power to the spur-gear-driven sprockets. It was by this means that the motor gives moment to the tracks explaining that the boogies or wheels of a tank does not come in contact with the ground, rather the wheels role of tracks.
Then came the tracks which made the vehicle unique
Renault FT Tank Track Installation Museum of the American GI
Renault FT Engine Walk Around
Museum of the American GI
Rather than go through more of Patton’s report on the light tank’s description it is far easier to let you see what Patton saw when he visited the Renault tank manufacturing company by show you two walk around videos provided by The Museum of the American GI
For your more mechanically inclined math majors, Patton even provided the mathematical formulas that he had ask the French to provide and he then translated them and put it in his report. The attached is a report within Patton’s light tank report authored by Captain Cahen and translated into English by Patton.
So there you have it. Imagine you were a young man who new nothing about engines and how they work in 1918. Shortly you would have to drive or command one of these into battle. Imagine you were an officer and had to both learn and teach how to drive and teach others to both drive and fight in battle. Can you see the monumental task given to just a few men in WWI. Imaging you were a your Captain of Calvary and was given the assignment to do all of the above when noon existed and no one knew anything about them. Imagine you had to do it in a few months. This was the job Captain George S, Patton Jr., did and with distinction.